Saturday, 3 August 2013

Modal Auxiliary

Modal Auxiliaries


Read the following sentences and observe the use of modal auxiliary .
1.     May I speak to you for a moment?          ‘May’ indicate permission.
2.     She can speak fluent German.                 ‘can’     ---        ability
3.     He might get angry at first, but hopefully he will understand your situation. 
                                                                                     ‘might’- probability
4.     You should try doing more exercise regularly.         ‘should’ – advice
5.     Now recruits shall report to the sergeant at 9 am.     Shall—certainty
6.     I must go home now. It’s late.                                   Must- obligation 
7.     Could you put this book on the shelf, please?        Could – polite request
         
        क्रीयापदाला सहाय्य करणार्‍या क्रियापदांना सह्याकारि क्रियापदे म्ह्णतात.
    be, am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, shall, will, should, would, can, could, may, might, must, etc.
    उपयोग.
1. am, is, are यांचा उपयोग Present Continuous Tense मध्ये व Simple Present Tense च्या Passive Voice मध्ये करतात.
2. was, were यांचा उपयोग Past Continuous Tense मध्ये व Simple Past Tense च्या Passive Voice मध्ये करतात.
3. do,does, did यांचा उपयोग प्रश्नार्थक व नकारात्मक वाक्यामध्ये करतात.
4. shall, will यांचा उपयोग Future Tense मध्ये करतात.
5. should यांचा उपयोग उपदेश/ सल्ला देण्यासाठी करतात.
6. would यांचा उपयोग भुतकालीन सवय, भुतकाळात वारवांर घडलेली क्रीया दर्शविण्यासाठी ,तसेच shall/will चा भुतकाळ म्ह्णुन वापरतात.
7. can, could क्षमता(ability) व्यक्त करण्यासाठी
8. may परवानगी(Permission), शक्यता(Possibility) व्यक्त करण्यासाठी.
9. might संभाव्यता(Probability)व्यक्त करण्यासाठी.
10. must बंधनकारकता (Obligation, Compulsion)व्यक्त करण्यासाठी.
11. have,has यांचा उपयोग Present Perfect Tense मध्ये करतात.
12. had चा उपयोग Past Perfect Tense मध्ये करतात.
13. be चा उपयोग Future Continuous Tense / Simple Future च्या Passive Voice मध्ये करतात.
14. being चा उपयोग (Present,Past)Continuous Tense च्या Passive Voice मध्ये करतात.
15. been चा उपयोग (Present/Past/Future)  Perfect Tense च्या Passive Voice मध्ये करतात.

     1. Rewrite sentences using proper modal auxiliary.
       a) It is very essential for students to learn calligraphy.
           Students must learn calligraphy.
       b) It is possible for students to improve their handwriting with practice.
            Students may improve their handwriting with practice.
       c) My handwriting probably will turn wobbly,if I do not write regularly.
            My handwriting might turn wobbly,if I do not write regularly.
       d) Nowadays it is needed to use computer technology in education.
          Nowadays we have to use computer technology in education.
       e) In future the electronic gizmos are sure to create wonder.
           In future the electronic gizmos will create wonder. 
       f) We better keep ourselves updated in the use of computers.
            We should keep ourselves updated in the use of computers.





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    Serving as a Higher Secondary Teacher, Qualifications : M. A. English B. Ed. Experience : 22 yrs

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