Wednesday, 15 January 2014

Sample Paper STD. 12 English

Section A          Reading, Note-making and Summarizing
Q.1 A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below it.                             11
We were an agrarian people. And my main hobby in my early teens was to wander through paddy fields to see the different kinds of birds and how they nest. On the outskirts of the paddyfields there had been many coconuts trees. Beautifully crafted nests of the weaver-birds-thookkanaam kuruvikal-would be seen dangling from the ends of palm leaves. Hundreds of these little birds would land on the paddy of the rice-plants at this stage of the paddy, my father would send me to our field with a tin-drum to scare these birds away. But often I have enjoyed the sight of these little birds balancing on the tender stalks and squeezing the milk out of the green rice when the paddy is ripe enough to harvest flocks of parrots would land there and cut the ripe stalks with their sharp beaks and fly away with the stalks dangling in their beaks. I have always liked to see this sight also.
The nests of parrots were neatly crafted holes in the trunks of palm trees, I continued to wonder how they made these holes on the hard trunks until I saw the patient work of the woodpeckers. They were the carpenters and their long sharp and strong beaks, chisel. They make the holes (in search of worms inside the weak spots of the trunks) and the parrots occupy them. If I heard the sound tak, tak, tak, I knew it was woodpecker chiseling a hard trunk. I would go after him. It seems that the woodpecker is the only bird which can walk perpendicularly on the tree trunks how beautiful the sight was!
1. How did the writer scare the birds?                                                                                                     1
2. What do you come to know about weaver birds from the extract?                                                     2
3. Which sight is referred to as beautiful?                                                                                               2
4. Do you like to watch birds? Why?                                                                                                      2
5. Rewrite the sentences as per the instructions.
a) I saw the patient work of the woodpeckers. (Change the voice)                                                        1
b) I would go after him (Use ‘used to’)                                                                                                  1
c) How beautiful the sight was! (Make Assertive sentence)                                                                  1
6 Give the noun forms of 1) beautifully 2) strong                                                                                 1
B) Grammar : Do as Directed                                                                                                             (4)
1. He said to her, “I will send you an e-mail tomorrow.” (Change the narration) 1
2. There was --- tree on the hill. --- tree was lonely. ( Fill in the blanks with articles)  &nbs 1
3.Lama had been doing penance ---- ages ----- a cave. ( Fill in the blanks with prepositions) &nb 1
4. I …..(remember) an anecdote which I ……(read) recently.
(Fill in the blanks with suitable tense forms of the verbs given in bracket)     1

Q. II A) Read the following extract and answer the questions given below it.           (11)
Once upon a time, the animals decided they must do something heroic to meet the problems of a new world so they organized a school. They adopted an activity curriculum consisting of running, climbing, swimming and flying. To make it easier to administer the curriculum, all the animals took all the subjects. The duck was excellent in swimming. In fact better than his instructor, But he made only passing grades in flying and was very poor in running. Since he was slow in running he had to stay after school and also drop swimming in order to practice running. This was kept up until his webbed feet were badly worn and he was only average in swimming. But average was acceptable in school so nobody worried about that except the duck.
The rabbit started at the top of the class in running but had a nervous breakdown because of so much makeup work in swimming. The squirrel was excellent in climbing until he developed frustration in the flying class where his teacher made him start from the ground up instead of the treetop down. He also developed a Charlie horse from overexertion and then got a C in climbing and D in running.
The eagle was a problem child and was disciplined severely. In the climbing class, he beat all the others to the top of the tree but insisted on using his own way to get there.
1. What decision was taken by animals? why?                                                                         1
2. How was the curriculum administer?                                                                                   2
3. How was the eagle different from others?                                                                            2
4. Do you think school should have such curriculum?                                                             2
5. Rewrite the following sentences as per the instructions.
a) The eagle was a problem child and was disciplined severely. (Use Because & rewrite)      1
b) The rabbit started at the top of the class in running but had a nervous breakdown.             1
c) The eagle was a problem child. (Add a question tag)                                                           1
6. Give the Antonyms of 1) easier 1) excellent                                                                         1
b) Note- making: Read the passage and complete a tree diagram give below it.               4
Of all forms of transports road transport has shown the greatest growth in recent years. Transport by road may be both vehicular and non-vehicular, Non-vehicular transportation includes both animals and man. Vehicular transport in developing countries include the ancient bullock carts as well as the modern automobiles. The introduction of railways has been vitals in the growth of industrialization. They are useful in carrying heavy bulky goods over long distance water transports is one of the oldest forms of cargo transport. Water transport includes inland and ocean transport. Inland waterways include rivers and canals. Ocean or sea transport is very important for the growth of foreign trade of any country. The greatest advantage of air transport is that it has reduced the time and distance barrier to a great extent. However air transport is costliest means of transport.

Q. III A) Read the following passage and answer the questions given below it.                     (11)
A great part of Arabia is desert. Here there is nothing but sand and rock. The sand is so hot that you cannot walk over it with your bare feet in the day time. Here and there in the desert are spring of water that come from deep down under the ground so deep that the sun cannot dry them up. These springs are few and far apart but wherever there is one green grass very soon covers the ground all around it. Soon fig frees and palm trees grow tall and graceful. Such a place is called an oasis.
The Arabs who are not in the cities live in the desert all the year around. They live in tents that can be put up and taken down very easily and quickly so that the can move from one oasis to another seeking grass and water for their sheep, goats camels and horses, These desert Arabs eat ripe, sweet fig and also the dates that grow upon the palm trees They dry them too and use them as food all the year around. The camel is much more useful to the Arab than his beautiful house. However for it is much larger and stronger. One camel can carry as much as or more than two horses. The Arab loads the camel with goods and rides him, took for miles and miles across the desert just as if it were really the ship of the desert which it is often called.
1. What is the desert made of?                                                                                                         1
2. How do the Arab collect their food?                                                                                            2
3. What is called the ship of the desert? Why?                                                                                2
4. Why do people keep animals?                                                                                                     2
5. Rewrite the following sentence as per the instructions.
a) The Arab loads the camel with goods and rides him too for miles and miles across the desert.             (  Rewrite using not only_but also)                                                                                                1
b) The sand is so hot that you cannot walk over it with your bare feet in the day time. (Use ‘too---to’)                                                                                                                                         1
c) The camel is much more useful to the Arab than his beautiful house. (Change the degree)       1
6. Write form the passage the expression that means “whole year”                                                1
B Summarize the above passage using mains facts regarding the Arabs Give a title.                4
Section B
Poerty

Q. IV A Read the following poem and answer the questions given below it.                                4
She smiled, “I found ‘em out by the tree.
I picked ‘em because they’re pretty like you
I knew you would like ‘em, especially the blue”
I said, “ Daughter I’m sorry for the way I acted today
I shouldn’t have yelled at you that way
She said, “ Oh, Mom that okay I love you anyway”
I said “Daughter I love you too
And I do like the flowers especially the blue”
1. What did the daughter bring for mother?                                                                                         1
2. How should children be treated?                                                                                                      1
3. “I picked ‘em because they’re pretty like you.” Name and explain the figure of speech.               1
4. What effect does the dialogue from give to this poem                                                                     1
Q. IV Read the following poem and answer the questions given below it.
This could be our reality
If we continue to live in impracticality
No more vast, endless oceans
Only littered swamps the colour of a witch potions,
No more soaring birds overhead
Only planes so loud they rock your bed
No more woods
No more natural goods
We have little time
To change our self-centered one track minds
Before we are stuck with a great heap of jumble
Left only with a artificial concrete jungle
1. What would replace birds?                                                                                                          1
2. What do we do to save the earth?                                                                                                1
3. Give an example of metaphor from the above extract.                                                                1
4. Pick out the expression which brings out the extinction of species.                                            1
Q. V Read the following extract and rewrite it as a third person narration.                         4
I wrote and asked my mother for some details “ I hope you’re preparing for the exams” she wrote back. After all there is not much we can do about a skeleton that been hidden away for ten or fifteen years. Anyways there were two newspapers in the cupboard the Daily Chronicle, published from Delhi on January 18, 1930, is complete. That was four years before you were born. The main headline refers to the Bareily Train Disaster in which thirteen passengers were born. There are also two pages of book review including a review of “The Glenlitten Murder” by E. Philips Oppennheim I think you have read some of his books. Books on the Riviere. The other book is about the spirit would and the possibility of communicating with those who have passed from this material world perhaps we can summon up the spirit of the person who inhabited the skeleton.
Q. V (B) Read the following extract. Prepare a dialogue between the Daisy and the boy           4
Then two little boys came out of the garden: one of them had a large sharp knife, like that with which the girls had cut the tulips they came straight towards the little daisy, which could not understand what they wanted.
Here is a fine piece of turf for the lark, “said one of the boys and began to cut out a square round the daisy so that it remained in the center of the grass.
Pluck the flowers off said the other boy and the daisy trembled for fear, for to be pulled of meant death of it and it wished so much to live as it was to go with the square of turf into the poor captive larks cage.
No let stay said the other boy it look so pretty”
And so it stayed and was brought into the lark cage. The poor bird was lamenting its lost liberty and beating its wings against the wires and the little daisy could not speak or utter a consoling word, much as it would have liked to do so so the forenoon passed.
Q. V (B) 2. Read the passenger and extend it by adding a paragraph of yours own.             4
But at 8 am there was a commotion I heard shout and saw people running every way thought camp. I caught up with my brothers.
Russian troops had liberated the camp! The gate swung open. Every was running so I did took amazingly all of my brother had survived I’m not sure how But I knew that the girl with the apples had been the key to my survival. My mother had promised to send me an angel and the angel had come.
Eventually I made my way to England where I was sponsored by a Jewish charity put up in a hostel with other boys who had survived the holocaust and trained in electronics them I came to America where my brother Sam had already moved. I served in the U.S. Army during the Korean War and returned to New York City after two years by august 1957 I’d opened my own electronics repair shop.

Section D Writing skill

Q. VI A Letter writing: Write any one of the following letters                                                   4
1. Your cousin has won the national merit scholarship. Write a letter congratulating him/her. Give him/her the best wishes for higher studies.
2. There is no proper drainage system in your area. Consequently, people are facing hygienic problems. Write a letter to the Health Officer/ Sarpanch to take necessary steps.

B) Write any one of the following as per the instructions.                                                        4
1. Recently An Eye checkup camp was organized in your Jr. College. You worked as a volunteer to make the camp a success. Write a report of the camp in 120 words.
2. Write a dialogue between you and the principal taking help of the following points.
1. You have to take admission in XII Science Electronics
2. You cannot pay full fees at a time
3. Tell reason
4. You will pay in installments
5. Request the principal
6. He grants your request
7. Thanks

C Attempt any one of the following                                                                                               4
1. Prepare a tourist leaflet about a religious place.

2. Read the view give in favor of village life. Write a paragraph given counter-views.

1. Natural surrounding
2. Eco friendly life
3. Good community life
4. Peace and harmony
5. Minimum expenses
6. Fresh vegetables pure milk
Q. VII A) You have to interview an old woman who lives in an Old –Age-Home (Vridhasharm). Prepare a set of 8 questions for the interview.                                                                                4
B
Prepare your speech in 120 words on the topic “Life in Cities Not Easy-going” You have to deliver in the speech competition organized in your college.       
     





HSC English Question paper with solutions.

Q1. (A) Read the following passage and answer the following questions. (11 marks)



Michael Dell has always been fond of saying, "If you think you have a good idea, try it!" And today, at 29, he has discovered the power of another good idea that has helped him rise in just a few years from teen to tycoon. He has become the fourth-largest manufacturer of personal computers in America and the youngest man ever to head a Fortune 500 corporation.
Growing up in Houston, Michael and his two brothers were imbued by their parents with the desire to learn and the drive to work hard. Even so, stories about the middle boy began to be told early.

Like the time a saleswoman came asking to speak to "Mr. Michael Dell" about his getting a high-school equivalency diploma. Moments later, eight-year-old Michael was explaining that he thought it might be a good idea to get high school out of the way.

A few years later Michael had another good idea, to trade stamps by advertising in stamp magazines. With the $ 2000 profit he made, he bought his first personal
computer. Then he took it apart to figure out how it worked.

In high school Michael had a job selling subscriptions to the Houston Post. Newlyweds, so he figured, were the best prospects, so he hired friends to copy the
names and addresses of recent recipients of marriage licenses. These he entered into his computer, then sent a personalized letter offering each couple a free
two-week subscription.

This time Dell made $18 000 and bought a BMW. The car salesman was flabbergasted when the 17-year-old paid cash.

Questions

1. When did Michael discover the power of good idea? (1)
Answer: at 29
2. State whether the following statements are true or false. (2)
i. In high school, Michael had a job of selling newspaper subscriptions. (True)
ii. At 29, Dell bought an expensive BMW car. (False)
3. How did Michael succeed in selling computers? (2)
Answer: He figured out that newlyweds were the best prospects, so he hired friends to copy the
names and addresses of recent recipients of marriage licenses. These he entered into his computer, then sent a personalized letter offering each couple a free two-week subscription.
4. What does Dell fondly say about any good idea? (2)
Answer: Dell has always been fond of saying, "If you think you have a good idea, try it!" about any good idea.
5. Do as directed: (3)
1. It might be a good idea to get high school out of the way.
(Make the sentence more certain)
Ans: It will be a good idea to get high school out of the way.
2. Newlyweds were the best prospects. (Begin the sentence with "The best prospects.....)

Answer: The best prospects were the newlyweds.

3.This time Dell made $18 000 and bought a BMW. (Rewrite as simple sentence.)
Ans: This time making $18 000 Dell bought a BMW.

6. Write the noun forms of 1.advertising 2. explaining
Ans: 1.advertisement 2. explanation

B. Grammar:


Do as directed: (4 marks)

1. Multani mitti takes its name from a place in Pakistan. (Rewrite using the Present perfect tense.)
Multani mitti has taken its name from a place in Pakistan.

2. He was unable to see their act. (Rewrite using ‘could’)
He could not see their act.
3. I’d see you and run to get in your path. (Rewrite using ‘used to’)
I used to see you and run to get in your path.

4. He’d need a massive home library. (Add a question tag.)
He’d need a massive home library, wouldn’t he?



Q2 (A) : Read the following passage and answer the questions: (11)


Today 40,000 children die each day around the world from hunger – related diseases. In a poverty – free world, no children would die of such causes.

Everybody in every part of the globe would have access to education and health – care services because he or she would be able to afford them. Unlike today,
the state would not be required to provide free or subsidized health – care or schooling.
All state organizations created to provide free or subsidized services for the poor would no longer be required and could be done away with.
Thus, no need to welfare, or local welfare agencies, or the national welfare department. No need for hand – outs, no sup – kitchens, no food stamps, no free schools, no free hospital care, no begging in the streets.
State – run safety – net programme would have no rationale for existence because no one would live on charity any more. State – run social security programmes, income – support programmes would be unnecessary.Social structures in a poverty – free world would, of course, be quite different from those that exist in a poverty – ridden world. But nobody would be at the mercy of anyone else, and that is what would make all the difference between a world without poverty and one riddled with it.
Finally, a poverty – free world would be economically much stronger and far more stable than the world today.
Questions:
1. State whether the following sentences are true or false. (1)
(i) Today 25,000 children die daily around the world from hunger related diseases. (False)
(ii) Finally, a poverty – free world would he economically less stronger and far more stable than the world today. (False)
2. How would everybody in every part of the globe have access to education and health? (2)
Answer: In poverty free world everybody would be able to afford education and health. Unlike today,
the state would not be required to provide free or subsidized health – care or schooling.
3. What ,according to the writer, would be the difference between a world without poverty and one riddled with it? (2)
Answer: All state organizations created to provide free or subsidized services for the poor would no longer be required. Thus, no need for welfare, or local welfare agencies, or the national welfare department.Social structures in a poverty – free world would, be quite different from those that exist in a poverty – ridden world. But in that world nobody would have mercy on anyone and it would make all the difference between a world without poverty and one riddled with it.
4. What would you suggest to make the world poverty free? (2)
Answer: Employment to all made necessary.Vocational education should be boosted.Curroption be root out.Right to work should be implemented like right to information and right to food.
5. Do as directed: (3)

(i) It became too dark to read easily.(remove 'too')
Ans. It became so dark that one could not read easily.
(ii) I do not remember. (Make it affirmative)
Ans. I fail to remember.
(iii) They always come in time. (add a question tag)
Ans. They always come in time, don’t they?

6.Give noun forms of the following adding suffixes. (1)
a. Enjoy b. prefer
Answer:a. Enjoyment b. preference
B. Note – making (4 marks)

Draw Tree Diagram with the help of following points.
A Tissue may be defined as a group of cells having some shape, size, origin,
function and the same type of development. Tissues are basically classified into two groups namely, meristematic tissues, and
permanent tissues. Meristematic tissues are divided into two, these are position based and origin based. Permanent tissues are further
divided into two groups. They are simple tissues and complex tissues. On their basis of their position in the plant body meristematic tissues
are classified as aplicle – intercalary, and lateral. On the basis of origin, meristematic tissues are divided into 3 groups; they are
Pro – meristem, Primary – meristem and secondary – meristem. Simple tissues are classified into 3 groups, namely parenchyma, collechyma,
sclerenchyma, The two complex tissues are found in vascular plant. They are xylem and phloem.


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Q3. (A) Read the following passage and answer the following questions. (11)



Once upon a time the animals decided they must do something heroic to meet the problems of a “new world” so they organized a school.
They had adopted an activity curriculum consisting of running, climbing, swimming and flying. To make it easier to
administer the curriculum, all the animals took all the subjects.
The duck was excellent in swimming. In fact, better than his instructor. But he made only passing grades in flying and was very poor in running.
Since he was slow in running, he had
to stay after school and also drop swimming in order to practice running. This was kept up until his webbed feet were badly worn and he was only average in swimming.
But average was acceptable in school so nobody worried about that, except the duck.
The rabbit started at the top of the class in running but had a nervous breakdown because of so much makeup work in swimming.
The squirrel was excellent in climbing until he developed frustration in the flying
class where his teacher made him start from the ground up instead of the treetop down. He also developed a “charlie horse” from overexertion and then got a C in
climbing and D in running.
The eagle was a problem child and was disciplined severely. In the climbing class, he beat all the others to the top of the tree but insisted on using his
own way to get there.
At the end of the year, an abnormal eel that could swim exceeding well and also run, climb and fly a little had the highest average and was valedictorian.
The prairie dogs stayed out of school and fought the tax levy because the administration would not add digging and burrowing to the curriculum. They
apprenticed their children to a badger and later joined the groundhogs and gophers to start a successful private school.
Does this fable have a moral?

Questions:

1. Why did the animals want to do something heroic? (1)


Answer: In order to meet the problems of the "new world" by doing something heroic.


2. What curriculum did the animal school consist ?(2)


ANS: The curriculum of animal school consist of running, climbing, swimming and flying.

3. Why were the duck's webbed feet so worn out? (2)


Answer: By doing practice in running, the duck's webbed feet worn out.

4. Do you like to learn in such a school? (2)

Ans:No, I do not like to learn in such a school.One can not learn all subjects.

5. Do as directed: (3)


1. They must do something heroic to meet the problems of a “new world”. (Replace the modal auxiliary with another indicating advice)

Answer. They should do something heroic to meet the problems of a “new world”.


2. The duck was excellent in swimming. (Rewrite as exclamatory sentence)


Ans. How excellent the duck was in swimming!


3. In the climbing class, he beat all the others to the top of the tree but insisted on using his
own way to get there. (Rewrite the sentence using 'though')




Ans. In the climbing class,though he beat all the others to the top of the tree, he insisted on using his
own way to get there.


6. Write the verb forms of i) instructor ii) successful 1


Ans. i) instruct ii) succeed

(B) Summary (4 marks)





Write a summary of the main findings of the survey. Give it a suitable title.


Answer: Summary


Real School


When animal started their school to meet the criteria requirement of new changing world, they face some problems.
When all animals are taught with same curriculum, the duck was excellent in swimming, but felt very difficult to get pass mark in running.
In case of rabbit he topped in running but he lost in swimming.
The squirrel was excellent in climbing until he developed frustration in the flying class.
The eagle was a problem child and was disciplined severely. At the end of the year, an abnormal eel that could swim exceedingly well
and also run, climb and fly a little had the highest average and was valedictorian.
This fable have a moral of "CUT YOUR COAT ACCORDING TO YOUR CLOTH"



Q4. (B) Read the following stanzas and answer the questions given below: (4 marks)



My father told the tenants to leave


Who lived on the houses surrounding our house on the hill


One by one the structures were demolished


Only our own house remained and the trees


Trees are sacred my grandmother used to say


Felling them is a crime but he massacred them all


The sheoga, the oudumber, the neem were all cut down


But the huge banyan tree stood like a problem


Whose roots lay deeper than all our lives


My father ordered it to be removed




Questions:



1. Why were the tenants asked to leave their houses?


Answers: The tenants asked to leave their houses because they lived in the houses surrounding poet's house on the hill and these houses were demolished.


2. What did the poet's grandmother use to say about trees?

Answer: Poet's grandmother used to say that trees are sacred.


3. What did the poet's father do with the trees?

Answer: The poet's father has ordered to remove the banyan tree which was huge and created a huge problem.



4. Why was the banyan tree a problem?

Answer: The huge banyan tree stood like a big problem because its root lay deeper than all their lives.



Section C: Rapid reading and composition



Q5.A. Rewrite the extract imagining yourself as the little daisy. ( 4 marks)


OW listen! In the country, close by the high road, stood a farmhouse; perhaps you have passed by and seen it yourself.
There was a little flower garden with painted wooden palings in front of it; close by was a ditch, on its fresh green bank grew a little daisy;
the sun shone as warmly and brightly upon it as on the magnificent garden flowers, and therefore it thrived well. One morning it had quite opened,
and its little snow-white petals stood round the yellow centre, like the rays of the sun. It did not mind that nobody saw it in the grass,
and that it was a poor despised flower; on the contrary, it was quite happy, and turned towards the sun, looking upward and listening to the song
of the lark high up in the air.
The little daisy was as happy as if the day had been a great holiday, but it was only Monday. All the children were at school, and while they were
sitting on the forms and learning their lessons, it sat on its thin green stalk and learnt from the sun and from its surroundings how kind God is,
and it rejoiced that the song of the little lark expressed so sweetly and distinctly its own feelings. With a sort of reverence the daisy looked up
to the bird that could fly and sing, but it did not feel envious. “I can see and hear,” it thought; “the sun shines upon me, and the forest kisses me.
How rich I am!”



B. Convert the extract into a dialogue between the narrator and Roma:



We piled back into Sid's car, Roma and I sharing the backseat. As European Jews who had survived the war, we were aware that much had been left unsaid between us.
She broached the subject, "Where were you, during the war?" she asked softly.
"The camps," I said, the terrible memories still vivid, the irreparable loss. I had tried to forget. But you can never forget.
She nodded. "My family was hiding on a farm in Germany, not far from Berlin," she told me. "My father knew a priest, and he got us Aryan papers."
I imagined how she must have suffered too, fear, a constant companion. And yet here we were, both survivors, in a new world.
"There was a camp next to the farm." Roma continued. "I saw a boy there and I would throw him apples every day."
What an amazing coincidence that she had helped some other boy. "What did he look like? I asked.
He was tall. Skinny. Hungry. I must have seen him every day for six months."
My heart was racing. I couldn't believe it. This couldn't be.
"Did he tell you one day not to come back because he was leaving Schlieben?"
Roma looked at me in amazement.

"Yes."

"That was me!"

I was ready to burst with joy and awe, flooded with emotions. I couldn't believe it. My angel.

"I'm not letting you go," I said to Roma. And in the back of the car on that blind date, I proposed to her. I didn't want to wait.
"You're crazy!" she said. But she invited me to meet her parents for Shabbat dinner the following week. There was so much I looked forward to
learning about Roma, but the most important things I always knew: her steadfastness, her goodness. For many months, in the worst of circumstances,
she had come to the fence and given me hope. Now that I'd found her again, I could never let her go. That day, she said yes.
And I kept my word. After nearly 50 years of marriage, two children and three grandchildren, I have never let her go.
Convert the extract into a continuous write up.


OR


2. Add a paragraph of your own at the beginning of the extract of about 120 words.


Yes, there was a skeleton in the cupboard, and although I never saw it, I played a small part in the events that followed its discovery.
I was fifteen that year, and I was back in my boarding school in Simla after spending the long winter holidays in Dehradun.
My mother was still managing the old Green's hotel in Dehra - a hotel that was soon to disappear and become part of Dehra's unrecorded history.
It was called Green's not because it purported to the spread of any greenery (its neglected garden was chocked with lantana), but because
it had been started by an Englishman, Mr Green, back in 1920, just after the Great War had ended in Europe. Mr Green had died at the outset of
the Second World War. He had just sold the hotel and was on his way back to England when the ship on which he was traveling was torpedoed by a
German submarine. Mr Green went down with the ship.
The hotel had already been in decline, and the new owner, a Sikh businessman from Ludhiana, had done his best to keep it going.
But post-War and post-Independence, Dehra was going through a lean period. My stepfather's motor workshop was also going through a lean period -
a crisis, in fact - and my mother was glad to take the job of running the small hotel while he took a job in Delhi.





Section – D




Q6. (A) Letter writing: (4)

1.Write an application letter for the post of Teacher


(OR)



2.Letter to your friend explaining him about the importance of Joint family system.




(B) Read the following passage and prepare a factfile, taking into account at least five points.


One of the most popular gateways from Mumbai and Pune is Lonavala, a beautiful hill station located in the Western Ghats
and is about 106 kms from Mumbai. Lonavala is also called a the jewel in the Sahayadri range. As monsoon rains come tumbling down
the Sahayadri hills, the hill station shows its best colour green. Lonavala derived its name from the Sanskrit word ‘Lonavli’, which means
‘city surrounded by caves’. The region around Lonavala was once a popular Buddhist centre. The picturesque view of the Sahayadri range is
one of the many highlights tat Lonavala has to offer. With its lush surroundings and peaceful environment, Lonavala is an ideal gateway
from Mumbai’s concrete jungle and an ideal place for trekking. A leisurely walk along the waterfalls and other beautiful spots is what keeps
most travellers busy in Lonavala. There are number of places around Lonavala to visit. The lakes around Lonavala worth visiting include Tungarli
and Bhushi. Khandala, just five kilometres away, is another exciting hill resort that can be visited from Lonavala. Lonavala is a year round destination,
however most people prefer to visit the hill station druing Sumer and the Monsoon. The nearest airport to Lonavala is Pune, which is about 64 kilometres
from Lonavala. Lonavala lies on the main railway line between Pune and Mumbai and hence the train is one the most convenient ways to reach Lonavala.
Lonavala is well connected by road and lies on the Mumbai – Pune highway.



Answers:

Fact file on Lonavala

Location : Western Ghats 106 kms from Mumbai.


Distance from Important Places : 64 km from Pune.


Modes of Transport : Roadways and railways.


Uniqueness : Lush greenery all around and peaceful environment.


Best time of the year to visit : all year round, especially in summer and in monsoon.


What to see : Khandala, lakes, waterfalls


Anything special : Picturesque view of the Sahayadri range.







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