Present Tense : Its Uses

काळ उपयोग व रचना

Simple Present Tense

सहज सवयीने व नेहमी घडणारी क्रिया वैश्विक सत्य व्यक्त करण्यासाठी हा काळ वापरतात( Simple Present Tense is used to indicate frequent occurring , present habitual action, universal truth and truth forever)
  1. We go to college to get knowledge.
  2. I watch a T. V. serial everyday.
  3. Sneha reads this blog regularly.
  4. The earth revolves around the sun.
  5. The sun sets in the west.

Structure: sub+v1+obj/Complement

  1. I type a letter.
  2. We type letters.
  3. You type a letter.
  4. You type letters.
  5. He types a letter.
  6. She types a letter.
  7. They type letters.
  8. It saves typed letters.
  9. Manoj types a letter.
  10. People type letters.

Present Continuous Tense

वर्तमान स्थितीत चालु असणारी क्रिया व्यक्त करण्यासाठी हा काळ वापरतात(Present Continuous Tense is used to indicate the action which began some time ago , is going on and will continue for some more time.)
Structure: sub+am/is/are+v-ing+obj/Complement

  1. I am typing an e-mail now.
  2. We are creating a message at present.
  3. They are going to Nagpur.
  4. They are searching a treasure.
  5. He is copying the notes.
  6. She is making cake.
  7. It is raining heavily.
  8. Manisha is running a race.

Present Perfect Tense

नुकतीच पुर्ण झालेली क्रिया व्यक्त करण्यासाठी तसेच भुतकाळात घड्लेल्य घट्नेचा परिणाम वर्तंमानस्थीतीत कायम रहात असल्यास हा काळ वापरतात(Present Perfect Tense is used to indicate the just occurred action and the one which occurred in the past but its effect continues to the present time.) Structure: sub+have/has+v3+obj/Complement
  1. I have drawn a circle just now
  2. She has completed her homework right now.
  3. We have passed S.S.C.
  4. Kapil Dev has played Cricket for 15 years.
  5. How long have you known him?
  6. The workers have completed their work in time.
  7. Rajesh has won the best outgoing student award.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

वर्तमान काळात दिर्घकाळ चालु असलेली क्रीया व्यक्त करण्यासाठी हा काळ वापरतात Structure: sub+have/has+ been +v-ing+obj
  1. I have been learning English for 6 years.
  2. I have been living in Gadchandur since 1994.
  3. We have been making kites for 8 hours.
  4. He has been working as a clerk.
  5. It has been grazing since morning.
  6. They have been ploughing the land for two days.
  7. Ramesh Patil has been teaching grammar for 24 years at Mahatma Gandhi Vidyalaya.
  8. She has been traveling through Europe since February.
  9. He has been working with our company for the last five years.
  10. Mrs. Smita Chitade has been teaching Maths in Mahatma Gandhi Jr. College since 1989.

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