Saturday, 31 October 2015

Information Transfer : Note Making




Information Transfer : Tree Diagram

Features of Good Notes

Notes are brief. The relevant details or facts are included. All illustrations, descriptions, explanations,examples,repetition are left out.
Full sentences are not used. Key words or broken sentences are used.Abbreviation can be used.

Notes are presented in tabular form, tree diagram and point form. As an examination point of view, Students need to read an extract and make notes or complete notes in the suitable format.

Scheme of Marking:
Presentation 1
Proper sequence 1
Covering all points 2
Read the following extract and complete the table diagram
What is soil? The original materials from which it has been formed through long ages are the earth's crust. There are three kinds of rocks, made in three different ways. Igneous rocks were made when the molten material of which the earth consisted long ago become cooler and solidified; granite, a very hard rock, is one of these. Another kind of rock is sedimentary rock, formed when rivers brought down small pieces of material with them as they flowed into the sea. The matter which they brought down with them fell to the bottoms of the sea, and this sediment was slowly pressed and cemented together by other substances into rock. Then the crust of the earth moved; the bottoms of the seas were raised, and when they reached a sufficient height become dry land. Sedimentary rocks found in all kinds of places, even on high mountains. Shale, limestone, and chalk are sedimentary rocks.
The third kind of rock is metaphoric, a rock which has been made by change due to heat. This was formed, for instance, when the lava thrown out by volcanoes affected the material over which it flowed. The heat changed the surface underneath and produced different kinds of rocks, of which slate and marble are two.


Types of Rocks Made in the ways Examples
1
2
3


Types of Rocks Made in the ways Examples
1. Igneous Rocksmolten material become cooler and solidifiedgranite
2. Sedimentary Rocksrivers brought down small pieces of material bottoms of the sea, and this sediment was slowly pressed and cemented together by other substances into rock.Shale, limestone, and chalk
3. Metaphoric Rocksmade by change due to heat, when the lava thrown out by volcanoes affected the material over which it flowed. slate, marble





The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) which is located at Trombay in Mumbai,
was the brainchild of Dr. Homi Bhabha, the father of India’s nuclear programme. Dr. Bhabha
took a personal interest in designing the centre because he felt that with an indigenous
nuclear programme India would become a powerful nation. This centre, which was started
on January 3, 1954, was originally called the Atomic Energy Establishment. It was renamed
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre on January 12, 1966 after Dr. Bhabha’s death.
Over the years, BARC has done work in different scientific disciplines, including
medicine and agriculture. BARC has played a major role in increasing the share of the
nuclear power programme for generating electricity and lighting up the rural areas of
the country. BARC is, however, chiefly known for successfully conducting the Pokhran
tests both in May 1974 and May 1998.
Ans.       THE BHABHA ATOMIC RESEARCH CENTRE

Location Trombay, Mumbai
NamesOriginally named ‘Atomic Energy Establishment’
renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre on 12
January 1966
Date of establishment3 January 1954
Works DoneIn different scientific disciplines including
medicine, agriculture;
chief work in nuclear power for generating
electricity, lighting up rural areas of the country;
chiefly known for conducting the Pokhran tests,
May 1974 and May 1998.


News Writing



Read the following passage and complete the tree diagram  :

1.There are many different kinds of musical instruments. They are divided
into three main classes according to the way that they are played. Some instruments
are played by blowing air into them. These are called wind instruments. Some of
these are said to be of the woodwind family. Examples of woodwind instruments
are the flute, the clarinet and the horn. There are also various other wind
instruments such as the mouth-organ and the bagpipes. Some instruments are
played by banging or striking them. Instruments like this are called percussion
instruments. The last big group of musical instruments have strings. There are
two kinds of stringed instruments. Examples are the harp and the guitar, the violin
and the cello.

2. Draw a tree diagram that contains the main points and important supporting
details from the following text about flowering plants.
Flowering plants are of various types. Herbaceous flowering plants grow, set seed
and die within one year; biennial plant complete their life cycles in two years;
Perennials on the other hand, can live and grow for many years once they have been
planted. Plants that flourish and flower during the rainy season are mostly herbaceous
annuals such as the Aster, Zinnia, and Sweet pea. Of the herbaceous perennials the most
common are members of the Daisy family. The beautifully scented Rose and Jasmine
are both Woody and Semi-Woody perennials. There are two other types of plants;
bulbous plants and aquatic plants. The former grow from bulbs and tubers planted in the
ground; examples of this type are Gladiolus and Tulip. The latter, as their name
suggests, grow in water, the most exquisite example being the Lotus or Water Lily. Both
bulbous and aquatic plants are usually perennials.






                                           











Format of Tree Diagram





Que-1 - Draw a table diagram to represent the information given in the following passage.
There are many different kinds of musical instruments. They are divided into three main classes according to the way that they are played. For example, some instruments are played by blowing air into them. These are called wind instruments. In some of these the air is made to vibrate inside a wooden tube, and these are said to be of the woodwind family. Examples of woodwind instruments are the flute, the clarinet and the bassoon. Other instruments are made of brass, the trumpet and the horn, for example. There are also various other wind instruments like such as the mouth organ and the bagpipes.
Some instruments are played by banging or striking them. One obvious example is the drum, of which there are various kinds. Instruments like this are called percussion instruments.
The last big group of musical instruments are the ones which have strings. There are two main kinds of stringed instrument those in which the music is made by plucking the strings, and those where the player draws a bow across the strings. Examples of the former are the harp and the guitar. Examples of the latter are the violin and the cello
Sr. Musical Instrument Played as Examples



Que 2 Draw a tree diagram of your family starting with your a grandparents up to your generation.
Que. 3 Read the following passage and make a note of it in form of a tree diagram.
The term 'cancer', derived from Latin term `cancrum', means crab. Cancer is lawless growth without control. This disorder threatens a person's life. There are four groups of cancer. They are carcinomas, sarcomas, lymphomas and lukermias. About 85% of cancers are Carcinomas which include cervical, breast, tongue, stomach, skin and,brain cancers. Sarcomas constitute only about 3% ofhuman cancer, which are in the form of solid tumors growing from connective tissue, cartilage, bone and muscle. Lymphomas are the cancers in which there is excessive production of Lymphomas and the lymph nodes and spleen. (5%of human cancers.) Lukermias include cancerous growth of lenncocytes and are characterised by excessive production of cells. They constitute 7% of human cancers.
Que 4 Read the following passage and make a note of important points shown at the end of the passage.
Never, ever start any workout, even if it is just walking, without warming up first. And this is where most people try to take a shortcut. Warming up prepares your whole system for extra activity ahead. Ina resting state, muscles are short and somewhat stiff. Making sudden demands on them can muse a pulled muscles or a strained back. Warming up stretches muscles and loosens joints, so your body performs with better flexibility and speed. It gradually increases blood supply to the heart and makes the lungs ready to operate at full capacity, reducing the risk of sudden strain
What counts as a good warm up? No mater what your main exercise is, experts insist that you take two or three minutes to loosen up, rotating the joints and gently stretching muscles. Start the sport or workout in lower gear, using the same movements that you expect of use later Build up for a few minutestill you are breathing slightly faster and perspiring lightly. At this point, you are warmed up.
Before warm up :
Effects of warm up
Examples of warm up :
Warmed up stage :
benefits of warm up :


Que 5 Make a summary of the passage highlighting Rabindranath Tagore's views on education
Rabindranath took great pains to gather round him as teachers a group of young men who really understood what he was trying to do in his school and who would know how to teach children literature, or science, or history in a way which made these subjects alive and interesting. He knew by his own experience that all knowledge about the world we live in, and about the men who live in it is interesting to children, if only it is taught to them in the right way. A boy puts tremendous energy and enthusiasm into his play and hobbies, because he is working at something in which he is deeply interested and which he has chosen for himself. Rabindranath wanted to remove all false distinctions between work and pay and encourage the boys to put the some energy and enjoyment into all the activities -of their life
Que 6 Read the passage and draw a tree diagram showing the classification.
Science is a systematized body of knowledge which collects facts, analyses them and establishes a causal relationship of a particular phenomenon. Science can be divided in to natural and social sciences. Natural science is mainly concerned with the physical world. It includes both physical and biological science physical and biological sciences. Physical sciences consist of physics, chemistry geograpy, etc., and deal with inanimate or non-living things. Biological science includes biology, zoology, physiolog, etc., and deals with the living beings or organism. In natural sciences experiments can be conducted under controlled conditions to fmd out the causal relationship between different factors or elements to establish a principle or law. Under social sceinces we study subject like economics, sociology, History, philoshophy, etc. Social science study Interaction of persons with society. It deals with questions concerning social life A person's behaviour in society, that is his social life cannot be experimented under controlled conditions. Therefore, there cannot be exact, precise laws or principles is social science
Que 7 Given below is a table showing the result of a study on the ways to improve English. Write a paragraph depicting the information.
How to Improve your English
Reading Story book (75%), Newspapers (60%)
Listening : TV news (60%), conversation (in publics places) (40%)
Speaking : With superiors (in the office) at meeting (10%)
. with freinds (at home, in clubs or restaurants) (20%) conversation classes (25%)
Writing Official (memos, emails, faxes)20%
Informal (Letters, etnails to friends) 30%
OR
Que 8. Prepare a leaflet for =Icing the Public aware of the need of `Eye. Donation'. Make use of the following points.
1) Prepare an attractive slogan.
2) Make a presuasive appeal
3) Tell about the need of eye-donation
4) Add your own ideas

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